At the request of the Central Development Foundation and the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS), AllHumanity Group is considering a project to support the socio-economic reintegration of disengaged fighters and youth at risk in Somalia. The project will cover a period of three or four years and will target disengaged Alshabaab fighters and government institutions dealing with youth issues and reintegration of disengaged fighters.

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  • As we further explore and launch our assessment to create a CBA/SROI, we will need to bring together the stakeholders of (21) different streams of funding, all originating with the World Bank. In conversations this last with Dr. Wolfgang Kohling - World Bank VP of Risk Management - he gave me several sources and contacts to start our work.
    I look forward to partners stepping forward to facilitate this challenge.
  • APPLYING COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS AT A COMMUNITY LEVEL
    A review of its use for community based (DDR)
    Cost benefit analysis (CBA) is an economic tool used to compare the benefits against the costs of a given project or activity. Its use as part of a participatory process with communities in a disaster and security risk context has become more widespread. It is increasingly being used to provide a more robust analysis of the costs of community-based disaster risk reduction and security adaptation: before a programme is implemented to decide on the most appro-priate package of interventions; or after a programme has been implemented to evaluate the effectiveness of activities. More recently there has been a convergence of CBA with social re-turn on investment (SROI) methodologies, as CBAs increasingly incorporate community participation and broaden their scope to account for social and environmental issues.
  • Structure & Organization
    Over a period of 30+ years of international projects and challenging programmes, a dedicated understanding of the NGO Rules and UN Guidelines has always been a determining factor of how and when to intervene. In the case of this programme launch, we are asked to be "jigsaw puzzlers". There are so very many stakeholders: World Bank/IMF, UN, Africa Finance Institutions, International NGOs, various Governments, the Somalia Government, districts, 18 Regions, Multi-National Companies, Clan Systems, and foreign occupied "resistance groups. The RGs include: Al Shabaab (currently exporting their brand of terrorism to the US border to Mexico) and various forces from open borders with Ethiopia. Iran is facilitating the movement of arms to both the Houthi and Al Shabaab, and promoting trade of other goods and services between the two groups.
    We are carving our own puzzle piece 'while the game continues without interruption". Last month the US Government sent a drone attack into south west Somalia. There currently is funding for building a US Embassy in Mogadishu, however, in the meantime most international programmes are worked out of Nairobi, Kenya. The prism of the looking glass from Nairobi to Mogadishu frequently is askew.
    What we are attempting to launch is an organizational continuity plan for sustainable peace. Under an MOU from the Somalia Government, CENTCOM Global and Central Development Foundation as been given a blanket four year contract to take over existing DDR Programmes from the British contractor Adam Smith International and create a new roadmap, or internal puzzle pieces, to assess, development and implement 11 Centers of Education, Technology and Economic Development Projects that bring all stakeholders to the table, with third party M&E oversight.
    I can tell you as the Programme/Project Manager, that this is a daunting task. Not only to research, compile, compare and contrast previous and existing programmes, understand the culture, the beliefs and ascertain the prospects of sustainability of our effort, and figure out how to fund the initial assessment. One humanitarian investor asked me for a Cost Benefit Analysis...that was a tough task, but I overcame that hurdle and replied with a report entitled: APPLYING COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS AT A COMMUNITY LEVEL
    A review of its use for community based Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR)
  • A moral compass can only point you in the right direct – not make you go there. Kathrina (Kit) Nease
  • Demobilization, Disarmament, and Reintegration
    DDR is part of an overall commitment to the peace process and an essential confidence-building measure. The
    civilian population has a need for human security. It is important to remember that human rights violations are
    common in an armed conflict. One of the most common characteristics of intra-state conflicts is that they do not
    adhere to the conventional rules of warfare. Insecurity, displacement, and violence affect civilian populations. Civil
    wars disrupt social cohesion within countries and communities, destroying trust between former neighbors and
    creating a tear in the social fabric. This undermines interpersonal relations, reducing human security, and often
    encouraging the proliferation of small arms, which provide physical protection by deterring potential aggressors. At
    the same time, these circumstances discourage economic investment and development. These factors highlight the
    need for measures to counter this lack of security.
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